More styles of learning
Anthony Gregorc's Mind Styles Model
Gregorc’s (1982) styles of learning model is similar to Kolb’s, except that the two dimensions rate:
The final classification of the learner is into one of four states, again similar to Kolb, using the Gregorc Style Delineator. (a self-scoring written instrument that elicits responses to a set of 40 specific words.)
Scoring the responses will give values for a model with two axes: a "perceptual space duality," concrete vs. abstract, and an "ordering duality," sequential vs. random The resulting quadrants are the "styles":
No one is a "pure" style. Each of us have a unique combination of natural strengths and abilities
Flemmings VARK Model
One of the most common and widely-used categorizations of the various styles of learning is Fleming's VARK model which expanded upon earlier NLP VAK models:
Auditory learners best learn through listening (lectures, discussions, tapes, etc).
Read write learners have a distinct preference for the written word whilst others prefer diagrams and charts
Tactile/kinaesthetic learners prefer to learn via experience—moving, touching, and doing (active exploration of the world; science projects; experiments, etc).
One proviso should be made about the VARK inventory.
Not everyone agrees with this theory. For a different perspective chack out this video from Professor Daniel Willingham from the
University of Virginia
Jackson designed the styles of learning Hybrid Model of Learning in Personality, which argues that there is a common biological basis to positive and negative outcomes within the workplace, education and the general community.
It is called a hybrid model because, it combines biological theories of personality with socio-cognitive and experiential mechanisms of learning. In that sense it is quite different from other theories of learning mentioned here.
Jackson argues that 'Sensation Seeking' is an instinctive biological drive, which provides the need to explore the environment. Jackson specifically argues that Sensation Seeking is neither positive nor negative, but it supplies the basic drive that has to be present for potential learning. For learning to be truly effective, sensation seeking has to be combine with other sophisticated types of thinking which are split into the following:
The hybrid model differs from other styles of learning. According to Jackson benefits of The Hybrid Model include: :
Gardners multiple intelligences
The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. Instead, Dr. Gardner proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults. We can consider these intelligencies to be styles of learning.
These intelligences are:
One of the most remarkable features of the theory of multiple intelligences is how it provides eight different potential pathways to learning.
If a teacher is having difficulty reaching a student in the more traditional linguistic or logical ways of instruction, the theory of multiple intelligences suggests several other ways in which the material might be presented to facilitate effective learning.
You don’t have to learn something in all eight ways, just see what the possibilities are, and what might work for you best.
The theory of multiple intelligences is interesting as it promotes a broader thinking approach to learning compared to our normal linguistic logic based approaches.
It also potentially encourages more learning by allowing some learners to understand and appreciate their styles of learning strengths